Patenting, Copyright, Trademark


Patent is an official document, recognized by law that confers a right or a title especially the sole right to make, use or sell some invention or process, hence protecting the inventor to exclude all others from making, using, or selling the invention within the region, the said invention or process.


Copyright is a form of intellectual property that grants the creator of an original creative work an exclusive legal right to determine whether and under what conditions this original work may be copied and used by others, usually for a limited term of years. Copyright is applicable to certain forms of creative work. It can be protected in accordance with the requirements and conditions of the Copyright Ordinance, in favor of a person and without limitation shall include student thesis, dissertations, teaching material, (audio/visual recordings and lecture notes), translation, data or results / findings of previous research, such as designs, specifications, diagrams, prototypes, software, musical arrangements, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture versions, sound recordings, art reproductions or any other form in which a work may be recast, transformed or adapted, editorial revisions, elaborations or any other modifications.

The University may engage faculty or staff to write for publication or produce copyrighted materials as part of their professional duties. Unless otherwise approved in advance by the Rector, the University shall own all such materials, but shall provide a license thereof upon request by the originator.



A trademark (also written trade mark or trade-mark) is a type of intellectual property consisting of a recognizable sign, design, or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others, although trademarks used to identify services are usually called service marks. A trademark is a unique symbol or word(s) used to represent a business or its products. Once registered, that same symbol or series of words cannot be used by any other organization, forever, as long as it remains in use and proper paperwork and fees are paid.

Ownership Policy Principles

Patent rights and copyright ownership of technology, material, tangible research, scholarly work, publication and / or software made by NTU faculty, staff, students, visiting Researchers and others involved with NTU programs will be owned by NTU. Trade and service marks relating to goods and services developed at NTU will be owned by NTU.