A material is a substance or matter which can be used to make different things or products. For example, iron is a metallic material from which we can make different things. Metals, wood, fibers, yarns, fabrics, polymers, ceramics etc. are different materials from which different useful products can be made.
Materials are broadly split into four main groups: metals, polymers, ceramics, and composites. All fibers (and yarns or fabrics made from them) are polymers, hence comprise a type of materials. A composite material is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different (often better) from the individual components.
Advanced materials are those materials, which represent advances over the traditional materials that have been used for hundreds or even thousands of years. From this perspective, advanced materials refer to all new materials and modifications to existing materials to obtain superior performance in one or more characteristics that are critical for the application under consideration.
Materials engineering is all about the design, development and characterization of different materials, which may be further used for making different useful products.
The scope of advanced materials engineering includes, but is not limited to: development of new polymers or fibers with superior properties; development of nanofibers for different applications; development and incorporation of nanoparticles in polymers and fibrous materials for obtaining better properties; development of new composite fibers by combining two or more different polymers, or by combining polymers with nanoparticles; modification of current polymers or fibers for superior properties; development of new yarns or fabrics using advanced fibers for better performance properties; development of composite structures using fiber or fabric reinforcements and polymer matrix; use of advanced materials for making useful products, such as wearable electronics, bullet-resistant vest; sports composites; automobile parts; furniture; functional apparel and so on.
AME–5075 Advanced Materials
The objective of this course is to give the students an overview of various types of materials used for advanced engineering applications. The students will learn about the properties and applications of various polymeric, ceramic, metallic, bio- and composite materials ranging from nanoscale to macro scale. In addition to various physical and mechanical properties, various functional aspects of the materials will also be covered in the course including: shape memory effect, self healing, phase change, fire retardant behaviour and energy harvesting properties. At the end of the course, the students should be able to select suitable materials for various engineering applications, particularly for making advanced technical textile products.
AME–5076 Technical Textiles
Technical textiles comprise textile materials and products which are manufactured and used primarily for their performance and functional features rather than for their aesthetics. Global technical textiles market is estimated to be of worth US$150 billion. The objective of this course is to give the students a broad and detailed overview of the market size, manufacturing technologies, properties and enduses of different categories of technical textiles, including: textiles used in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; textiles for buildings and construction;technical components of clothing; textiles used in civil engineering; household technical textiles; textiles used in filtration, cleaning and process industries; textiles used for healthcare and hygiene; textiles used in automobiles, railways and aerospace; textiles used for environmental protection; textiles used for packaging; textiles for personal and property protection; and textiles used in sports and leisure.
AME–5077 Composites Technology
Composites are the materials of 21st century. They have vast applications in sports, defence, automotive, aerospace engineering, medical sciences, building/construction material and many other sectors. This course is designed to provide student thorough knowledge of fundamental issues of fibres reinforced composites. Students will develop the understanding how composites are made from different fibres and how the inherent properties and layout of fibres affect the mechanical behavior of composites. They will also learn the techniques used to characterize the structure and properties of composites materials. They will also gain the practical experience of making fibre reinforced composites and characterize their behavior through mechanical properties.
AME–5078 Research Methodology
The overall aim of this course is to enable the students to identify a research area, identify a research problem, formulate research question, conduct literature survey, formulate research hypothesis, design research experiments, graphically present, analyze and interpret the experimental data, and draw valid conclusions. Additionally, the students will be able to write a research proposal, critically analyze research papers, and write a short literature review with proper citations and referencing. The students will practice relevant statistical tools and techniques using a statistical software package. The students will also become familiar with plagiarism and other ethical issues in research, patents, copyrights and trademarks, thesis and research paper writing styles.
This course introduces the fundamental principles needed to understand the behavior of materials at 18 National Textile University the nanometer scale and the principles of electrostatic and steric stabilization. It provides an introduction to different types of nanoscale materials i.e. zero dimension, one dimension and two dimension nanostructures. Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation and subsequent growth of nanostructures are discussed in detail. It also covers the physical and chemical techniques to synthesize nanostructures/nanomaterials and their characterization techniques like x-ray techniques, scanning probe microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy etc. The effect of size on properties of materials like mechanical, electrical, optical, melting point etc as well as application of nanomaterials in diverse field is included in this course.
AME–5072 Smart Materials
This course has been designed to develop students’ knowledge of smart materials and intelligent textiles. The students will gain a critical understanding of mechanisms giving rise to the characteristics and beneficial properties of smart materials as well as the technological applicability and limits of smart materials.
AME–5073 Advanced Characterization Techniques
This course gives an introduction to different physical, chemical and mechanical characterization techniques, including XRD, SEM, TEM, chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, UV/Vis spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, tensile testing, impact testing, bending, shear and hardness testing.
AME–5074 Mechanics of Materials
Mechanics of materials is a branch of applied mechanics that deals with the behaviour of solid bodies subjected to various types of loading. This course deals with stress-strain behaviour of different materials, testing techniques, constitutive equations, micromechanics, modelling and simulation techniques for structural analysis.
AME–6071 Research Thesis
The Research Project module will enable the students to bring together the knowledge and skills acquired in the earlier modules to investigate a selected topic reviewing the literature, presenting seminars and preparing material in the form of a publication. The project will demonstrate the student’s capabilities to perform independently but supervised research to solve practical problems utilizing the theoretical knowledge and analytical skills attained. The overall purpose of the module is to develop in the students an understanding of the steps involved in planning and conducting a research project and in communicating the findings both orally and in writing. The project work can be undertaken in an industrial concern, where possible, ensuring both the relevance to the employer, access to appropriate facilities, and allowing sufficient time to be spent on the practical work. Alternatively, projects could be based and carried out at the university. In case of collaboration with other national and international research institutes and universities the final semester research projects can be completed at mother and collaborated organization.