Doctoral Programs

PhD Textile Engineering

Program Educational Objectives (PEOs)

The Ph.D. Textile Engineering program aims to create a higher learning culture that enables participants to:

  1. To carry out research of international standard aimed at advancing global scientific and technological knowledge.
  2. To enhance the intellectual development of PhD graduates through creativity, analytical thinking, critical analysis, and innovative problem-solving.
  3. Engage and benefit from exposure to modern and advanced industrial developments, new textile materials, research methodologies, and their applications in the industrial environment.
  4. Equip graduates with relevant knowledge and skills ready for employment and/or career progression in textile-related industries.
  5. Use in-depth understanding of textile production processes, properties, and behavior to envisage and devise novel applications in technical and functional textiles to ensure the high value of quality and standards.
  6. Develop novel approaches to solve technological problems and shortcomings.
  7. Appreciate technological, environmental, economic, and cultural factors that may influence material choice, manufacturing design, processing conditions, and mode of application.
  8. Strengthen the capabilities of graduates in production, quality, research, and development activities in textile-related industries.
  9. Establish and strengthen linkage with the textile industry for mutual benefits.

Program Learning Objectives (PLOs)

The students gain the ability to:

  1. Systematically review, analyze, and interpret the scientific literature and innovations in engineering in general and in textile engineering in particular.
  2. Apply and validate innovations at the lab scale as well as industrial-scale efficiently and effectively.
  3. Conduct high-quality research and effectively disseminate the research outputs in international research journals of repute, conferences, seminars, patents, research proposals, and other scientific venues.
  4. Apply knowledge of advanced engineering sciences.
  5. Identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems.
  6. Apply acquired technical knowledge to design and modify processes for customized engineered finished products.
  7. Design a novel and advanced textile system, component, product or process to meet particular desired needs within realistic constraints and conditions such as economic, environmental, social, health and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability.
  8. Evaluate the conformity of product and process as per international standards like AATCC, ISO ASTM, etc., as a part of the quality control process.
  9. Design and conduct experiments, as well as analyze and interpret data.
  10. Work individually as well as in a team in a diverse environment.
  11. Enter industry with the engineering techniques, skills, and tools required to solve real-world problems in textile engineering.


First Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TE-7101  Advanced Statistical Methods for Research  3
 TE-7102  Recent Development in textile Engineering  2
 TE-7103  Modern testing and Characterization Methods  3
 TE-7104  Prototype/Review Paper  1
 Total   9

Second Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TE-7XXX  Elective – I  3
 TE-7XXX  Elective – II  3
 TE-7XXX  Elective – III  3
 Total  9
 Total Credit Hours of Taught Courses 18

Third and Fourth Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
XXXX  Research Thesis  30

List of elective courses

No. Research Areas Electives

  Advanced Materials

Advanced polymeric materials; Nano composites; Biomaterials for healthcare;Advances in shape memory polymers; Nanofibers and nanoparticles; Flame retardant materials; Functional materials for textiles; Microencapsulation technology.

 2  Engineered textile structures & composites

Engineering textiles; Advances in yarn spinning technology; Specialist yarn and fabric structures; 3-D Fibrous assemblies; Advances in weaving and knitting technologies; Nonwovens for technical textiles; Design and manufacture of textile composites; Mechanics of fibrous assemblies; Heat and mass transfer in porous media.

 3  Textile surface modification and chemical treatments  

Advances in dyeing and finishing of technical textiles; Functional finishes for textiles; Smart textile coatings and laminates; Surface modification of textiles; Plasma technologies for textiles; Digital printing of textiles.

 4   Clothing engineering  

Science in clothing comfort; Smart clothes and wearable technology; Advances in apparel production; Clothing biosensory engineering; Clothing appearance & fit; Biomechanical engineering of textile and clothing.

 5  Technical textiles  

Medical and healthcare textiles; Smart fibers, fabrics and clothes; Functional textiles for protection and performance; Textiles in sports; High performance textiles and their applications.

 6  Textile machinery and instrument design  

Instrumentation and control; Applied mechatronics; Mechatronic design in textile engineering; Design of textile machines; Mechanics and calculations of textile machinery

 7  Textile modeling and simulation  

Simulation in textile technology; Modeling and predicting textile behavior; Soft computing in textiles; Finite element analysis in textiles; Modeling, simulation and control of dyeing process; Advance CAD systems for textile and clothing; Modeling in Matlab

 8  Energy, environment and sustainability in textiles  

Sustainable textile production; Recycling in textiles; Environmental impact of textiles; Energy harvesting materials

Course Specifications

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Polymers are a ubiquitous part of our everyday life. Advances in polymer synthesis, processing, and engineering have led to new applications exploiting the unique properties of polymers to realize advanced technologies far removed from their initial application. Building on a review of the fundamentals of polymer science, this unit will explore the use of polymers in a range of novel applications from biomedical applications to optoelectronic devices. Different classes of polymers will be discussed including conjugated polymers, block co-polymers, and biopolymers with a view to linking the physical properties of the polymer chain to the functionality of the technological application.

Recommended Books:

Didier Rouxel, Advanced Polymeric Materials: Synthesis and Applications (2018)

Nano Composites

All three classes of composite materials are included in the course: polymeric matrix composites (PMC), as well as metallic and ceramic matrix composites (MMC and CMC), though the main focus is on PMC. Dominantly, conventional (that is using micro size reinforcement) composites are discussed. Nanocomposites (that is using nanosized reinforcement) are included in the course but to a lesser extent because the industry is mainly using conventional composites. Nevertheless, nanocomposites are making great research and growing engineering impacts, following science and development in the field of nanoparticles.

Recommended Books:

Visakh P.M., Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites: Zero‐ to Three‐Dimensional Materials and Their Composites (2016)

Biomaterials for Healthcare

Overview of the biomaterials and process for medical textiles and implantable biotextile devices. Review steps in the identification of healthcare needs, market size and demand, product specifications and design, prototype fabrication and sterilization, in vitro testing of mechanical, chemical, surface and biological properties, in vivo animal testing, regulatory issues, consumer and clinical trials and explant analysis. Examples of medical textiles for personal hygiene, wound care, external support, orthopedic, general surgery, dental and tissue engineering applications. The student will be introduced to the process of new product development as it applies to medical textiles and biotextiles.

Recommended Books:

S C Anand, Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare (2005) William R Wagner, An Introduction to Materials in Medicine (2020)

Advances in shape Memory Polymers

A broad variety of materials are actually considered as smart ones: from shape memory alloys to polymer nanosystems. With this course, specific aspects of an exciting interdisciplinary area “Smart Materials” will be introduced in such a way it can be easily understood by a broad audience. How remarkable properties of smart materials correlate with simple structural features at nanoscale and microscale, discuss various methods to characterize materials with smart properties. Inspiring trends in applications of smart materials will be highlighted.

Recommended Books:

J. Parameswaranpillai, Shape Memory Polymers, Blends and Composites: Advances and Applications (2020)

Nanofibers and Nanoparticles

Importance of the surface, engineering materials, particle shape and the surface, surface, and volume, atomic structure, particle orientation, materials at the nanoscale. Diamond, fullerenes, graphene, carbon nanotubes, properties and types CNT’s, growth and applications of CNT’s, nanomaterials natural and manmade, semiconductor nanoparticles, ceramic nanoparticles, metal nano physics, polymers and composites, inorganic nanotubes, metals, oxides, quantum dots, surface-enhanced raman spectroscopy, nanocatalysis. Sources of atmospheric nanoparticles, particle size distribution, measurement of nanoparticles in roadside air, transformation and transport of ultrafine particles, measurement of particle number concentration in the atmosphere, chemical composition of atmospheric nanoparticles, indoor/ outdoor relationships of nanoparticles.

Recommended Books:

Maria Benelmekki, Nanomaterials (2019)

Andy Nieto, Nanomaterials and their Applications (2020)

Flame Retardant Materials

It discusses the basics of flame retardancy and flammability and covers various types of flame retardants and materials, including natural FRs, halogen, phosphorous, and nanomaterial-based FRs. The course also discusses methods of applications of FRs and discusses FRs and the environment.

Recommended Books:

Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury, Flame Retardants for Textile Materials (2021)

Functional Materials for Textiles

The course focuses on functional textiles for improved performance and protection, reviewing antistatic, flame retardant and infrared functional textiles, among many others. This also includes the uses of functional textiles in a medical context, including superhydrophobic materials, antibacterial textiles, and insect-repellent materials.

Recommended Books:

Abhijit Majumdar, Functional Textiles and Clothing (2019)

Microencapsulation Technology

This course is intended to provide an overview and review of the latest developments in microencapsulation processes and technologies for various applications. The general theme and purpose are to provide the reader with a current and general overview of the existing microencapsulation systems and to emphasize various methods of preparation, characterization, evaluation, and potential applications in multiple fields such as medicine, food, agricultural, and composites.

Recommended Books:

Fabien Salaün, Microencapsulation (2019)

Engineering Textiles

It covers textile product design and development, enabling the students to understand essential principles, concepts, materials, and applications. It covers design concepts and technologies, such as sustainability, nanotechnology, and wearable textiles. This course covers fiber-to-fabric engineering, product development and design of textile products, different types of fibers, yarns and fabrics, the structure, characteristics, and design of textiles, and the development of products for specific applications, including both traditional and technical textiles.

Recommended Books:

Yehia Elmogahzy, Engineering Textiles(2019)

Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology

This chapter provides an introduction to yarn fiber spinning and structure. It discussed the principles of ring spinning and the open-end spinning of yarns. Yarn structure and properties from different spinning techniques and yarn structural requirements for knitted and woven fabrics are also examined. This also covers advances in particular yarn spinning technologies. Topics range from siro spinning to compact spinning technology and air-jet spinning. How to minimize fiber damage that occurs during spinning and the use of spin finishes for textiles.

Recommended Books:

C.A. Lawrence, Advances in Yarn Spinning Technology (2010)

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

The term ‘textile composites’ is often used to describe a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. In the design and manufacture of textile composites, however, the term is used to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to three-dimensional textiles. In this course, modeling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods and subsequent component performance is covered broadly. It also covers applications from a broad range of areas, including transportation, sporting construction and medical applications.

Recommended Books:

A.C. Long , Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites (2005)

Mechanics of Fibrous Assemblies

Mechanics of materials is a branch of applied mechanics that deals with the behavior of solid bodies subjected to various types of loading. This course deals with stress-strain behavior of different materials, testing techniques, constitutive equations, micromechanics, modeling, and simulation techniques for structural analysis. This course develops understanding and knowledge of material response and performance under various types of forces. It helps to understand material failure behaviors and their prediction. Main concepts include stress and strain, force systems on structures, moment of inertia, and shear and bending moments etc.

Recommended Books:

Parviz Ghavami, Mechanics of Materials An Introduction to Engineering Technology, Springer, 1st Ed. (2015)

Heat and Mass Transfer in Porous Media

The course provides an insight of the governing laws for heat and mass transfer. The topics covered include one- dimensional and two-dimensional steady-state conduction, transient conduction, fundamentals and engineering treatment of convection heat transfer, external and internal heat flow and free convection. Applying the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology with examples and problems is discussed during this course.

Recommended Books:

RK Rajput, Heat and Mass Transfer, S. Chand Publishing, (2019) DS Kumar, Heat and Mass Transfer, SK Kataria Publishers, (2013)

Advances in Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. This course covers advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments, and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are also discussed in this chapter. Advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes are also part of this course. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques.

Recommended Books:

M.L. Gulrajani, Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles (2013)

Functional Finishes for Textiles

This course focuses on the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. It discusses finishes designed to improve the comfort and other properties of fabrics, as well as finishes that protect the fabric or the wearer. The role of a finish, the mechanisms and chemistry behind the finish, types of finish and their methods of application, application to particular textiles, testing and future trends are also covered in this course.

Recommended Books:

Roshan Paul, Functional Finishes for Textiles (2015)

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates

This course is focused on the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development. It includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and electronics integration into textiles through coating technology.

Recommended Books:

William Smith, Smart Textile Coatings and Laminate (2018)

Surface Modification of Textiles

This course covers fundamental issues relating to textiles surfaces and their characterization. Various types of surface modification suitable for textiles, including plasma treatments and nanoparticles, are also part of this course. It discusses surface modification strategies for textile applications such as expansion into technical textile applications

Recommended Books:

Q. Wei, Surface Modification of Textiles (2009)

Plasma Technologies for Textiles

This course describes both the science and technology of plasma processing and its practical applications. It covers how plasma technology improves textile properties such as wettability and liquid repelling.

Recommended Books:

R. Shishoo, Plasma Technologies for Textiles (2007)

Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology

This course covers an emerging area of textile research including a brief history and industry overview. This also assesses the technologies and materials available for the design and production of smart clothing. This also summarises requirements for smart textiles from both health and performance perspectives

Recommended Books:

J. McCann and D. Bryson, Smart Clothes and Wearable Technology (2009)

Simulation in Textile Technology

This course covers principles, applications, and benefits of modeling for textile production. Neural networks and their applications before going on to explore evolutionary methods and fuzzy logic are covered. The modeling of fibrous structures and yarns, along with wound packages, woven, braided and knitted structures, are also part of this course.

Recommended Books:

D. Veit, Simulation in Textile Technology (2012)

Finite Element Analysis in Textiles

This course aims to teach the fundamentals of the finite element method for the analysis of engineering problems arising in solids and structures. The course emphasizes the solution of real-life problems using the finite element method underscoring the importance of the choice of the proper mathematical model, discretization techniques, and element selection criteria. The students learn how to judge the quality of the numerical solution and efficiently improve accuracy by optimal selection of solution variables.

Recommended Books:

Daryl Logan, A First Course in the Finite Element Method, Cengage Learning, 6th Ed. (2016)

Recycling in Textiles

This subject covers the general issues involved and the technologies concerned with the recycling of textiles. The chemical aspects of textile recycling are also discussed. This course focused on recycled textile products, including nonwovens and alternative fibers. Possible applications of recycled textiles, including using recycled products in the operating theatre, for soil stabilization and concrete reinforcement, are also part of this subject.

Recommended Books:

Youjiang Wang, Recycling in Textiles (2006)

Environmental Impact of Textiles

This course covers the effects of textile production on the environment, from growing or making fibers to discarding a product after its useful life has ended. It looks at how the physical environment is affected by textile production processes, including resource depletion, pollution, energy use and the biological environment. Covers the degradation suffered by textile materials within the environment by air pollution, wind, water and other agents.

Recommended Books:

K Slater, Environmental Impact of Textiles (2003)

Energy Harvesting Materials

This course covers all aspects of the subject, ranging from natural plant and bacterial photosystems, through their biologically inspired synthetic analogs, to other photoactive molecular materials such as dendrimers. This also establishes the theory and underlying principles across the full range of light-harvesting systems. With an authoritative, comprehensive and well-referenced content, it will appeal to all students, researchers and technologists interested or involved in solar energy, photobiology and photoactive materials science.

Recommended Books:

David L Andrews, Energy Harvesting Materials (2005)

  1. MS / M.Phil or equivalent degree in Textile Engineering/Mechanical Engineering/Chemical Engineering/ Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering/Product and   Industrial   Design/Materials Engineering/ Environmental       Engineering/Mechatronics     Engineering/Chemistry/Textile     Chemistry     CGPA    3.00/4.00 or 3.50/5.00 in semester system, 60% marks in annual system.
  2. The applicant must pass NTU-GAT (Subject) test with minimum 70 % score as per HEC.
  3. It is mandatory to pass an interview to compete on merit.
  4. Applicant must not be already registered as a student in any other academic program in Pakistan or abroad.
  5. Applicants having MS without thesis are not eligible to apply.

Admission Criteria

The admission merit list will be prepared according to the following criteria:

 Phd Textile Engineering
 M.Sc/MS/Equivalent  60% weightage
 B.Sc/BE/Equivalent  20% weightage
 Interview result  10% weightage
 Publication/relevant experience  10% weightage (05% + 05%)

NOTE: Result waiting applicants may apply for admission, however their merit will be finalized only on submission of final MS/M.Phil or equivalent official transcript or degree.


Fee Head1st 2nd3rd4th5th6th
Tuition Fee 30000 30000 21000 21000 21000 21000
Admission Fee 20000 - - - - -
Degree Fee - - - - - 5000
Certificate Verification Fee 2000 - - - - -
Processing Fee - 5000 - - - -
University Security 5000 - - - - -
Red Crescent  Donation 100 - - - - -
University Card Fee 300 - - - - -
Library Fee 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Examination Fee 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Medical Fee 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
Student Activity Fund - - - - - -
Endowment Fund - - - - - -
TOTAL 65400 43000 29000 29000 29000 29000