Postgraduate Programs

PhD Textile Technolgy


The objectives of the program are:

  • To develop the substantive knowledge of textile engineering technology by enhancing the intellectual level of PhD students through creativity, analytical thinking, critical analysis, and innovative problem-solving.
  • To conduct the research which focuses on improvements and advancements in textile technology and associated knowledge.


First Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
TT-7101  Scientific methods for research  3
TT-7102  Recent developments in textiles processes  2
TT-7103  Textile machinery and instrument design  3
TT-7104  Review paper/prototype  1
   Total  9

Second Semester

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TT-7XXX  Elective – I  3
 TT-7XXX  Elective – II  3
 TT-7XXX  Elective – III  3
  Total  9

Semester III - VIII

Code Course Title Credit Hours
 TT-9090  Research Thesis  30
  Total Credit Hours  48

Research Paper Requirement

Before final submission of thsis for evaluation, the Ph.D scholar would have to publish at least one research paperfrom his/her research, as first author, in an Internationally Abstracted Journal, recognized by the HEC, Pakistan. Onlypublished paper are acceptable for award of PhD degree.

Compulsory courses

TT-7101 Scientific methods for research

The major objective of this course is to develop the skills to conduct research with scientific methodology. The course will comprise of various theories, models and scientific tools which will provide guidance to conduct various experiments and analyze the results.
Recommended Books: 

    • Mangey Ram, Om Prakash Nautiyal, Durgesh Pant., “Scientific Methods Used in Research and Writing”. Taylor and Francis, 2021.
    • Bora Pajo, “Introduction to Research Methods”. SAGE Publications, 2017.

TT-7102 Recent developments in textiles processes

This course aims to provide knowledge about current developments in textile manufacturing processes which include the advancement in fiber spinning, yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, textile processing and garments manufacturing.
Recommended Books: 

  • S S Muthu., “Sustainable approaches in Textiles and Fashion: Fibers, Raw Materials and Product Development”, Springer, 2022.

M A Gardetti and S  Muthu., “The UN Sustainable Development Goals for the Textile and Fashion Industry (Textile Science and Clothing Technology)” Springer, 2019.

TT-7103 Textile machinery and instrument design

Instrumentation and control; Applied mechatronics; Mechatronic design in textile engineering; Design of textile machines; Mechanics and calculations of textile machinery.
Recommended Books:

  • L. Ashok Kumar and M Senthil kumar “Automation in Textile Machinery” CRC Press, 2018
  • J. Beran,  M. Bílek M Václavík P. Žabka , Advances in Mechanism Design III (Proceedings of TMM)”, Springer, 2021.

Proposed elective courses

TT-7201 Heat and mass transfer

The aim of this subject is to impart in depth knowledge about different heating and moisture mechanisms, theories and modeling with special emphasize on textile and clothing. This course will include basic research of heat and mass transfer phenomena, as well as related material properties and their measurements, thereby promoting applications to engineering problems.

Recommended Books: 

 Y. Cengel and A. Ghajar, “ Heat and Mass Transfer: Fundamentals and Applications 6th edition”, McGraw Hill, 2019

  • A. K. Haghi., S. Thomas and L. A. Pothan., “Heat and mass transfer in fibrous materials”. Atlantic Publishers and Distributors Pvt Ltd. 2018.

TT-7202 Advanced Materials

Advanced polymeric materials; Nano composites; Biomaterials for healthcare; Advances in shape memory polymers; Nanofibers and nanoparticles; Flame retardant materials; Functional materials for textiles; Microencapsulation technology.

Recommended Books:

  • Theodorus van de Ven and Armand Soldera “Advanced Materials” De Gruyter Publisher, 2020
  • Omari V. Mukbaniani, Tamara N. Tatrishvili and Marc J. M. Abadie “Science and Technology of Polymers and Advanced Materials” CRC Press, 2020

TT-7203 Engineered textile structures & composites

Engineering textiles; Advances in yarn spinning technology; Specialist yarn and fabric structures; 3-D Fibrous assemblies; Advances in weaving and knitting technologies; Nonwovens for technical textiles; Design and manufacture of textile composites; Mechanics of fibrous assemblies; Heat and mass transfer in porous media.
Recommended Books:

  • Magdi El Messiry, Natural Fiber Textile Composite Engineering, CRC Press, 2020
  • S. S Muthu, “Green Composites (Sustainable Raw materials)”, Springer, 2019.

TT-7204 Technical textiles

Medical and healthcare textiles; Smart fibers, fabrics and clothes; Functional textiles for protection and performance; Textiles in sports; High performance textiles and their applications.
Recommended Books:

  • D Gopalakrishnan and P. Vinayagamurthi .“Technical Textiles”, Daya Publisher House, 2019

A E Hadidy, “More about Technical Textiles. Volume One: Technical fabrics from textile waste”, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2022

TT-7205 Textile modeling and simulation

Simulation in textile technology; Modeling and predicting textile behavior; Soft computing in textiles; Finite element analysis in textiles; Modeling, simulation and control of dyeing process; Advance CAD systems for textile and clothing; Modeling in Matlab.
Recommended Books:

  • Nicholus Akankwasa and Dieter Veit “Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering” Woodhead Publishing, 2021
  • Tuur Stuyck “Cloth Simulation for Computer Graphics” Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018

 TT-7206 Computer simulation of cloth Production

Systems of production control (Kaizen, Kanban, Pokajoke, SixSigma, TOC, ...). Definition of simulation; system; model, types of systems and their characteristics, Generation of a computer simulation model and model testing - validation and verification of a model, analysis and result processing). Examples of software for commercial use, Pseudo-random numbers in computer simulation. Service systems. Methods of optimisation and evolutionary algorithms. Creation of a computer simulations
Recommended Books:

  • Tuur Stuyck “Cloth Simulation for Computer Graphics” Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2018
  • Nicholus Akankwasa and Dieter Veit “Advances in Modeling and Simulation in Textile Engineering” Woodhead Publishing, 2021

 TT-7207 Yarns and fabrics for technical applications

The aim of this course is to provide knowledge regarding different technical yarns, their production techniques and applications, technical structures of woven and knitted fabrics, their production and applications.
Recommended Books:

Yehia E. Elmogahzy,”Engineering Textiles: Integrating the Design and Manufacture of Textile Products, Wood Head Publishing 2nd Edition, 2019

 TT-7208 Advances in technical nonwovens

This course will help to familiarize the students with the developments in the fibers and manufacturing processes of technical nonwovens. The course will cover the latest trends in the use of green, recycled, biopolymer materials and nanofibers in the development of technical nonwovens. The students will also gain knowledge of structure, properties and applications of composite nonwovens.
Recommended Books:

  • T. Karthik, Prabha Karan C., R. RathinamoorthyNonwovens (Process, Structure, Properties and Applications, WPI Publishing, 2016
  • George Kellie, ed., “Advances in Technical Nonwovens”. Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

TT-7209 Nonwoven technology

In this course the students will be able to gain knowledge of nonwovens products and markets, raw material requirements for nonwovens and different techniques employed during dry-laid web formation including roller carding, garneting, parallel laying, cross laying, air laying. Additionally, mechanical bonding techniques especially needle punching and hydro entanglement will be covered. The students will also become familiar with wet laid web formation including bonding and drying technologies for wet laid nonwovens along with application of wet laid nonwovens, spun laid nonwovens including bonding techniques for spun laid webs, melt blown production process along with structure and properties of spun bond and melt blown fabrics. At the end, nonwovens finishing techniques, characterization and mechanics of nonwovens will be covered.
Recommended Books:

  • R. Elise, “ Nonwoven Fabric: Manufacturing and Applications”, Nova Science Pub Inc, 2020
  • T. Karthik, C. Prabhakaran and R. Rathinamoorthy., “Non-woven – Process, Structure, Properties and Applications”.Woodhead Publishing, 2016.

TT-7210 Nanofibers and nanoparticles in textiles

This course will be focused on the fundamental principles of behavior of nanomaterials specially nanofibers and nanoparticles. Different ways to prepare/synthesize the nanofibers will be taught in depth. Electro spun based nanofibers and their applications will be discussed in detail. Different ways to prepare the nanoparticles will be covered in this subject. Nanoparticle based functional textiles will be introduced and different methods to apply these nanoparticles on the textiles will be discussed in detail.
Recommended Books:

  • Barhoum, M. Bechelany, A. Salam and H Makhlouf, “Handbooks on Nanofibers”, Springer, 2019.
  • R. Mishra and J. Militky., “Nanotechnology in Textiles”. Wooodhead Publishing, 2018.

TT-7211 Advance textile fibers

This course will introduce new innovative natural and manmade fibers. Different ways to prepare/synthesize the fibers will be taught in depth. Electro spun based nanofibers and their applications will be discussed in detail. Different testing methods to evaluate the performance of fibers will also be covered.
Recommended Books:
1.  R. Bunsell., “Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres”. Woodhead, 2018.

  • R. Mishra and J. Militky., “High-Performance and Specialty Fibers”. Springer, 2016.

TT-7212 3D weaving and advanced woven structures

The students will be able to learn various types of 3D fabrics including distance fabrics, multilayer fabrics, pile fabrics, tubular and complex fabrics. The course will also cover manufacturing techniques and possible applications of 3D woven structures.
Recommended Books

Y. Kyosev and F. Boussu, “Advanced Weaving Technology”, Springer, 2022.

  • B. S. Sugun, “Practical approach to 3D weaving,” Springer, 2021

TT-7213 Woven cloth geometry

Cloth geometry is the science of relative position and shape of elements within it. It corresponds to physical presence of fibers/yarns and their relation to fabric physical characteristics.
Recommended Books:

  • P. K. Banerje., “Principles of Fabric Formation”. CRC press, 2018.
  • S. Adanur, “Handbook of weaving”, CRC Press,  2020

TT-7214 Digital weaving/ woven cad designing

Digital weaving: is concept of easing complex job of weaving process using computers. It includes converting weaving details into computer apprehend-able format to streamline the information and let automation solve weaving problems.
Recommended Books:

  • J. Holyoke., “Digital jacquard design”. Bloomsbury visual arts, 2019

Y. Nawab., S.T.A Hamdani., K. Shakir., “Structural Textile Design: Interlacing and Interlooping”, CRC press, 2017.

TT-7215 Advanced knitting techniques & practices

This course comprises of different knitting techniques, give a wide knowledge of the specialty in knitting process including special structures and their manufacturing technique. Special features added to the current knitting machines and unveiling cutting edge knitting technology has been focus of the course like 2D and 3D knitting techniques.
Recommended Books:

  • S. Chadra., “Fundamentals and advances in knitting technology”. Woodhead publishing, 2011.
  • K. F Au., “Advances in Knitting Technology” .Woodhead publishing, 2011.
  • A. R. Horrocks and S. C. Anand., “Handbook of Technical Textiles”.Woodhead publishing, 2016.

TT-7216 Knitwear design & production communication

This course comprises of studying the different knitting structure, the interloping process and properties of different fabrics. Use of   design software’s .It also comprises of knowledge of knitting calculation required for different designs.
Recommended Books:

  • S. Maity., S. Rana., P. Pandit and K. Singha, “Advanced Knitting Technology”, Woodhead Publishing, 2021.
  • K. F. Au., “Advances in Knitting Technology”. Woodhead publishing, 2016.

TT-7217 Functional knitted textiles

This course will cover functional applications of knitted fabrics and their mechanism of development and designs.
Recommended Books:

  • A. R. Horrocks and S. C. Anand., “Handbook of Technical Textiles”.Woodhead publishing, 2016
  • A Majumdar., D. Gupta., S Gupta, “Functional Textiles and Clothing”, Springer, 2020

TT-7218 Advanced chemistry of colorants

The course deals with the chemistry of dyes and pigments and their interaction with the textile substrates. The students will learn the chemistry of dye intermediates, basic concept of photochemistry, energy deactivation of dyes, Electronic effect of the substituent to the conjugated system of colored organic molecules, stereoisomerism, novel chromophores, newer reactive groups and application techniques for the minimum environmental pollution. There will be emphasis on thermodynamics of dyeing, concepts of free energy and kinetics of dyeing. The mechanism of dyeing fibrous materials with various dyes will be studied. The students will be able to learn mechanism of dye sorption, diffusion and rate of dyeing. The novel dyes imparting functionality to the textile materials in addition to the colour will also be studied in this course. The photochemical transformation and degradation of dyes, analysis, ecology and toxicology of colorants will be elaborated. 
Recommended Books:

  • E. K Samanta., N Awwad., H M Algarni., “Chemistry and Technology of Natural and Synthetic Dyes and Pigments”Intech open, 2020
  • Y. Ooyama and S. Yagi., “Progress in science of functional dyes”. Springer, 2021

TT-7219 Chemistry of textile based biomaterials

This course describes the surface chemistry and interfacial interactions of fibrous materials for bioactivity. The outcome is to make the students able to have comprehensive knowledge of manufacturing techniques with technological advancements and modification processes on the basis of material chemistry. There will be emphasis on the mechanisms involved in the interaction of material with the living organisms and the material parameters controlling those mechanisms.
Recommended Books:

S. Senthilkannan Muthu and A. Khadir, “Textile Wastewater Treatment: Sustainable Bio-nano Materials and Macromolecules, Volume 1 (Sustainable Textiles: Production, Processing, Manufacturing & Chemistry)”, Springer, 2022.

S. Caillol, “Natural Polymers and Biopolymers II”, MDPI AG, 2021.

TT-7220 Advances in textile wet processing

This course describes the advances in the preparatory processes to save time and energy and to minimize the environmental concerns. Rapid dyeing techniques, foam dyeing and other advanced dyeing techniques such as super critical fluid dyeing will be elaborated. The students will learn the recent advancements in textile printing machinery and techniques. The technology of digital printing based on the principle of static electricity, piezo electricity, thermal system and Inkjet with dry toner will be elaborated. The possibility of personalization of each particular product has been emphasized.
Recommended Books:

  • C. Duckworth., “Engineering in Textile Coloration”. Duckworth Dyers Company Publications Trust, 2018.
  • N Ibrahim and C M Hussain., “Green Chemistry for sustainable textiles”, Wood head publishing, 2021

TT-7221 Colour perception and analysis

This course describes basic theoretical directions in colour theory and colour science development, colour as a basic parameter of  visual experience, the effect of colour on phycho-physical reaction of observer, relation between colour and surrounding, dominant factors of visual perception, objective colour evaluation, role of colour in fashion, merits and demerits of metamerism, basic colour contrasts, colour harmony, theory of contemporary ratios, impact of lightness and chroma on colour experience, colour as message carrier and trademark, colour order system, objective evaluation of colour differences and its importance in fashion and management.
Recommended Books:

A. Johnston., “Color by Design: Paint and Print with Dye Second Edition”, Ann Johnston; 2nd edition  2017

R S. Berns,Billmeyer and Saltzman's Principles of Color Technology”, Wiley 4th  edition, 2019

TT-7222 Advances in textile functionalization

This course defines the advanced techniques used to functionalize the textile materials for various applications (biocompatibility, antibacterial activity, fire retardant, UV and IR protection, super hydrophilicity and super hydrophobicity). It includes PVD (physical vapour deposition), CVD (chemical vapour deposition), surface treatment by plasma, deposition of thin films and modification of surfaces by wet chemicals for enhanced wettability, dyeability, surface reactivity and surface adhesion. The students will learn about the principles, chemistry and mechanisms involved in each process.
Recommended Books:

J Pinson and D. Thiry, “ Surface Modification of Polymers: Methods and Applications”,  Wiley VCH , 2019

W. C Smith, “Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates (The Textile Institute Book)”, Wood head publishing 2nd edition, 2018

TT-7223 Advanced textile finishing

The objective of this course is to teach the students the recent developments in textile finishing such as advances in resin chemistry and applications, Poly carboxylic acids for wrinkle recovery finish, burning behaviour of textile materials and flame retardancy. New methods for superhydrophobic and super hydrophilic, antibacterial activity, surface conductivity recent developments in the coating technology would be emphasized. The students will also learn about the UV protection and IR camouflage achieved by the textiles through various chemicals, nanomaterials and application techniques.
Recommended Books:

  • Mohammad Shahid & Ravindra Adivarekar., “Advances in Functional Finishing of Textiles, Springer. 2020.

W. C Smith, “Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates (The Textile Institute Book)”, Wood head publishing 2nd edition, 2018

TT-7224 Clothing comfort and assessment

This course deals with physiological, physical-chemical and the psychological aspects of comfort. The human-clothing system, physical processes involved in clothing and surroundings,   physiological process in human body, neurophysiological processes responsible for generation of sensory signals and microclimate characteristics between skin and clothing will be elaborated. Further, important factors and elements: moisture and water sorption and transfer, water vapour and air permeability, thermal conductivity and dynamic heat, skin contact characteristics, static electricity, fiber and fabric handle will be emphasized. The students will learn about novel textile fibers, fabric structures, multifunctional materials, comfort test methods and prediction of clothing comfort performance.
Recommended books

I Špelić, A Mihelić-Bogdanić and A. H Sajatovic, “ Standard Methods for thermal comfort Assessment of  clothing, CRC Press 1st edition,  2019

G. Song, “Firefighters' Clothing and Equipment: Performance, Protection, and Comfort”, CRC Press, 2018

TT-7225 Numerical modelling of textile structures

There has been a significant amount of research in the field of textile process modelling and fabric- geometrical modelling. This course will provide the students with knowledge of the domain and the existing tools like Wisetex or Texgen used for the geometric modelling. The students will understand the mechanics of the woven fabric structure.
Recommended books

  • N. T. Akankwasa and D. Veit., “Advances in Modeling and simulation in textile engineering”, Woodhead Publishing, 2021.
  • D. Cvetković,Computer Simulations”, Intech open, 2017


TT-7226 Fabric formation, structure and properties

The course will cover different aspects of the processing of yarns to woven fabric and the interrelation between the production mechanics and structure, geometry and properties of fiber assembly. The students will be able to correlate the fabric structure with its properties and ultimately the application area.
Recommended books

  • Y. Nawab, T. Hamdani, and K. Shaker, Eds., Structural textile design : interlacing and interlooping. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2017.
  • .A. Majumdar., “Principles of Woven Fabric Manufacturing”,  CRC Press, 2016

TT-7227 Functional fibers and materials

This course provides knowledge about advanced textile materials and their application areas keeping in view of the requirements in desired product. This course will help the students to think and use natural products as functionalized textile materials for certain application.
Recommended Books: 

  • B. Mahltig and Y. Kyosev., “Inorganic and Composite Fibers: Production, Properties, and Applications”. Elsevier Science, 2018
  • J. McLoughlin and T. Sabir., “High-Performance Apparel: Materials, Development, and Applications”.Elsevier Science, 2017.
  • G. Bhat., “Structure and Properties of High-Performance Fibers”. Woodhead publishing ltd. 2016.

TT-7228 Textile material modification and processing

In this course textile material modification and processing techniques will be studied. It will help the students to structurally modify current as well as new materials and make them useable in required properties in advance form.
Recommended Books: 

TT-7229 Machine design

This course deals with study of theory of machine, design of machine, development and modification of machine and machine parts in accordance with improve in quality, production or new product.
Recommended Books:

  • L.A. Kumar and M. Senthilkumar., “Automation in Textile Machinery: Instrumentation and Control System Design Principles”. Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
  • A. Kumar and M. S. Kumar., “Automation in Textile Machinery: Instrumentation and Control System Design Principles”. CRC Press, 2018.

TT-7230 Theoretical modelling

This course will help the students to theoretically evaluate the outcomes of their result results. In this course, specific mathematical forms will be studied as per requirement of research project.
Recommended Book:   

  •  R. Shamey and X. Zhao., “Modelling, Simulation and Control of the Dyeing Process”. Woodhead publishing, 2018.
  • B.P Zeigler., A. Muzy and E Kofman., “Theory of Modeling and Simulation”, Academic Press 3rd Edition, 2018.

TT-7231 Sustainable textiles

This course is designed to provide advanced knowledge in green materials and their processing. It will generate interest of students to further explore this area of high-tech emerging field of textiles.
Recommended Books: 

  • S. Kaila., “Biodegradable Green Composites”. John Wiley & Sons, 2016
  • Shahid ul-Islam, B. S. Butola., “The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology”. Elsevier Science, 2018

TT-7232 Total quality management

The aim of this subject is to impart in depth knowledge about concepts, principles, practices, tools and techniques involved in total quality management with respect to the demands of dynamic industry of textile and clothing. The students will be able to identify and analyze the problems for process improvement by affective implementation of lean manufacturing, six sigma, and integration of both i.e. Lean six sigma.  
Recommended Books:  

 S. Luthra, D. Garg., A. Agarwal., S K. Mangla, “Total Quality Management (TQM) Principles, Methods, and Applications” CRC Press, 2020

TT-7233 Human factor engineering

Human factor engineering deals with the application of information on physical and psychological characteristics to the design of devices and systems for human use.
Recommended Books: 

TT-7234 Advanced clothing design

The core of this subject is to give students a system of management based on the principle that every member of staff must be committed to maintaining high standards of work in every aspect of a company's operations.
Recommended Books: 

  • T. Cassidy and P. Gosawami., “Textile and Clothing Design Technology”, CRC Press, 2017.
  • S. Kettley., “Designing with smart textiles”. Fairchild Books, 2016.

N.B. Any other course may also be chosen with the consent of Supervisors and Head of Department. The approval of Dean will be mandatory in such case.


Admission Criteria

  1. MS Textile Technology or equivalent with research work/thesis in the relevant disciplines from an HEC recognized University/Institute with minimum CGPA 3.00/4.00 or 3.50/5.00 in semester system, 60% marks in annual system or equivalent.
  2. The applicant must pass NTS-GAT (Subject) test with minimum 60/100 marks or NTU-GAT (Subject) test with minimum 70/100 marks as per HEC prior to apply for any PhD program (please see Test Banner for more information on main page of this website).
  3. Applicant having MS or equivalent degree without thesis is not eligible to apply.
  4. It is mandatory to pass interview in order to compete on merit.
  5. Applicant must not be already registered as a student in any other academic program in Pakistan or abroad.
  6. Result waiting applicants may apply for admission; however their merit will be finalized only on submission of final MS/M.Phil or equivalent official transcript or degree.
  7. Relevant Admission Committee will determine relevancy of terminal degree and decide deficiency course/s (if any) at the time of admission interview, the detail of which will be provided to the student in his/her admission letter/email.
  8. Deficiency course/s will be treated as non-credit and qualifying course/s for which student will also pay extra dues as per fee policy. Those course/s will neither be mentioned in student’s final transcript nor will be included for calculation of CGPA. However, the student may obtain his/her a separate transcript for completion of deficiency course/s.

Merit Criteria

  1. PhD program shall be advertised in the beginning of each academic year/semester.
  2. An applicant shall apply on a prescribed admission form within the due date given in the advertisement for admission.
  3. The completed application form, along with required documents, shall be submitted in the admissions office.
  4. The applicants shall be evaluated according to the following criterion for admission merit list:
  • MS/M.Phil/Equivalent (60 %)
  • B.Sc./BE/Equivalent (20%)
  • Interview (10 %)
  • Publication(s)/ Relevant experience (10%)


Fee Head1st 2nd3rd4th5th6th
Admission Fee (Once) 25000 - - - - -
Certificate Verification Fee (Once) 2000 - - - - -
University Security (Refundable) 5000 - - - - -
Red Crescent  Donation (Once) 100 - - - - -
University Card Fee (Once) 300 - - - - -
Degree Fee (Once) - - - 5000 - -
Tuition Fee (Per Semester) 30000 30000 21000 21000 21000 21000
Library Fee (Per Semester) 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Examination Fee (Per Semester) 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000 3000
Medical Fee (Per Semester) 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000
TOTAL 70,400 38000 29000 34000 29000 29000